1Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Private practice, Houston, Texas
4Orthodontic Resident, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6Experimental Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Objective(s): to determine the effect of different doses of caffeine on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in rats. Materials and Methods: Forty male 250-300 g Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of ten animals each and received 0 (control), 1 g/l, 2 g/l and 3 g/l caffeine in tap water for 3 days. Orthodontic appliances were ligated between the maxillary first molars and incisors on the 4th day of the study period. All rats were sacrificed after 2 weeks of treatment after which OTM was measured. Hematoxylin/eosin-stained sections of the molars were prepared and the mesial roots were examined for resorption-lacunae depth and osteoclast number. ANOVA was used for statistical analysis (P<0.05). Results: A significant decrease in OTM was observed only in the 2 g/l (P=0.043) and 3 g/l (P<0.01) caffeine-receiving rats compared to the control animals. Osteoclast counts and resorption-lacunae depths demonstrated significant differences between each of the caffeine groups and control rats (P<0.05). None of the variables showed significant differences between the caffeine groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: According to our findings, one of the effects of caffeine consumption during orthodontic treatment in rats was decreased root resorption. Additionally, concentrations of 2 g/l and 3 g/l inhibited OTM which seems to be due to its influence on osteoclast numbers.
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