Interaction of viral oncogenic proteins with the Wnt signaling pathway

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Hepatitis Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Department of Virology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

3 Department of English Language, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

4 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Abstract

It is estimated that up to 20% of all types of human cancers worldwide are attributed to viruses. The genome of oncogenic viruses carries genes that have protein products that act as oncoproteins in cell proliferation and transformation. The modulation of cell cycle control mechanisms, cellular regulatory and signaling pathways by oncogenic viruses, plays an important role in viral carcinogenesis. Different signaling pathways play a part in the carcinogenesis that occurs in a cell. Among these pathways, the Wnt signaling pathway plays a predominant role in carcinogenesis and is known as a central cellular pathway in the development of tumors. There are three Wnt signaling pathways that are well identified, including the canonical or Wnt/β-catenin dependent pathway, the noncanonical or β-catenin-independent planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway, and the noncanonical Wnt/Ca2+ pathway. Most of the oncogenic viruses modulate the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. This review discusses the interaction between proteins of several human oncogenic viruses with the Wnt signaling pathway.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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