Heat shock factor 5 is essential for spermatogenesis in mice: Detected by a new monoclonal antibody

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Objective(s): Here, we examined the function of our produced monoclonal antibody (mAb10C3) to recognize one of the most important members of the HEAT shock factor family, Hsf5, in embryonic development and in spermatogenic cells of adult mouse testis.
Materials and Methods: The targeting effects of mAb10C3 were investigated by immunohistochemistry analysis in the different phases of the embryo and in the adult testis tissue sections.
Results: The results of immunohistochemistry staining on the mouse embryos by the supernatant of hybridoma clone that produced mAb10C3, in the early and late phases (E7.5 and E14.5) of embryonic development, indicated that mAb10C3 could only detect Hsf5 in E7.5 and it did not have any targeting activity in the late phase of development. Therefore, we showed that the hsf5 gene has expressed in early mouse embryonic development. On the other hand, mAb10C3 could detect Hsf5 in spermatogonia and spermatocytes of adult testis in comparison with a known anti-Hsf5 antibody (ab98939) and an anti-PCNA antibody as a marker of spermatogonia cells.
Conclusion: Taken together, these data indicated that generated anti-testis mAb10C3 was generated against anti-testis proteins, specifically to target Hsf5, and can be useful as a scientific tool to investigate the critical genes in the development and spermatogenesis.


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