Detection of Pseudomonas and Flavobacterium Species Harbouring Organophosphorus Degrading Elements from Environment

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Abstract

Objective
The extensive pollution of natural ecosystems has occurred by organophosphorus pesticides, being used for improvement of crop production in agriculture. Biodegradation is interested in application of multifunctional bacteria containing genetical elements which specially degrade organophosphorus compounds. In this paper the detection of two bacteria species, Pseudomonas and Flavobacterium, which harbouring organophosphorus degrading elements from environmental samples is reported.
Materials and Methods
Several resistant strains isolated from different cultures that previously were cultivated with related sources such as soils and waters. These bacteria had been isolated from organophosphorus enriched mineral solutions, and following inoculation, visible colonies were observed on mineral and MacConkey’s agar medium. The resistant bacteria were identified by conventional procedures and monitored with certain properties like stability, tolerance, resistance to organophosphorus compounds and different antibiotics. The genetical elements for organophosphate degradation were confirmed by adding acridine orange to culture of resistant strains which could delete these capabilities.
Results
Fifty strains were optimally grown in presence of three classes of organophophoruses like guthion, dimethoate and methyl parathion with concentrations of 2.5, 4, and 8 gl-1 respectively. The gram-negative bacteria were identified using conventional diagnostic procedures, as Pseudomonas and Flavobacterium species. These strains were harbouring organophosphorus degrading elements which were deleted by acridine orange as mutagen. Also, most of these bacteria were resistant to different antibiotics that used as biomarkers in discrimination of sensitive strains to organophosphoruses.
Conclusion
The genetical elements such as resistance to organophosphoruses and antibiotics were transferred to the sensitive bacteria by matting technique and cured as multifunctional organisms which had high capability for various organophosphoruses. The multi-degrading strains might be suggested as useful tools for detoxification of harmful organophosphoruses in agriculture.
 

Keywords


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