1Immunogenetic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Objective(s): Organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) as a high-capacity transporter contribute to the metabolism of metformin. The present study was conducted to determine the genotype frequencies of the variant OCT3-1233G>A (rs2292334) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its relationship with response to metformin. Materials and Methods: This study included 150 patients with T2D who were classified into two groups following three months of metformin therapy: responders (by more than 1% reduction in HbA1c from baseline) and nonresponders (less than 1% reduction in HbA1c from baseline). PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) served to genotype OCT3-564G>A variant. Results: The parameters such as HbA1c (P<0.001) and BMI (P<0.001) in both patients with GA + AA genotype and GG genotype decreased significantly following 3 months of metformin therapy compared with baseline. The mean reduction in HbA1c levels following 3 months was higher in patients with the A allele (0.77% reduction from baseline) than in those with the homozygous G allele (0.54% reduction from baseline). Also, in GA + AA genotypes compared with GG genotypes, the mean reduction in HbA1c values from baseline was 0.34% for responders and 0.14% for non-responders. Conclusion: Considering the roles of genetic variations in the function of metformin transporters, the effect of variations such as 1233G>A in the OCT3, which is a high-capacity transporter widely expressed in various tissues cannot be ignored. Comparing the allele frequencies of OCT3-1233G>A variant in our study and different ethnic populations confirm that the variant is a highly polymorphic variant.
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