Spermatogenesis after transplantation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells in busulfan-induced azoospermic hamster

Document Type : Original Article


1 Stem Cells Technology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Basic Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Central Research Laboratory, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

6 Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Objective(s): Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) with more potent immunomodulatory effects, greater proliferative potential and secretion of growth factors and cytokines in comparison with bone marrow derived MSCs are more appropriate for cell therapy. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the histomorphometric effect of AT-MSCs allotransplantation on regeneration of germinal layer cells of seminiferous tubules in busulfan-induced azoospermic hamsters.
Materials and Methods: In the present experimental case-control study, AT-MSCs were isolated from adipose tissue of two female and six male donor albino hamsters, and testes of the males were simultaneously used as negative control group. Six mature male recipient hamsters received two doses of busulfan with three weeks interval to stop endogenous spermatogenesis. Right testis of hamsters was intratubular injected with AT-MSCs via efferent duct 35 days after induction of azoospermia and was used as cell therapy group. The left testis without cell therapy was served as azoospermia group.
Results: After 35 days, testes and epididymis in all groups were removed for histological evaluation. Histomorphometric analyses of AT-MSCs-treated testes and epididymis showed that the epithelial tissue of seminiferous tubules was normally repaired in most cell-treated seminiferous tubules, and spermatozoa were present in epididymis tubes in comparison with intact testes. The untreated seminiferous tubules and epididymis tubes of azoospermia group were empty.
Conclusion: Allotransplanted AT-MSCs could successfully induce spermatogenesis in azoospermic seminiferous tubules of hamster. Therefore, AT-MSCs can be suggested as an attractive candidate in cell transplantation of azoospermia.


Main Subjects

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