Novel function of Nanos2 in expression of innate immunity genes and its probable roles in maintenance of pluripotency state

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Novel Diagnostics and Therapeutics Research Group, Institute of Biotechnology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research Group, Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR) Razavi Khorasan, Mashhad Branch, Iran

4 Industrial Biotechnology Research Group, Institute of Biotechnology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


Objective(s): Cell-based therapeutic approaches have witnessed significant developments during the last decade especially after approval of MSCs based treatment of graft versus host disease. Several cell-based approaches have shown immunomodulatory behavior during regeneration following the unknown cascade of events but the exact mechanisms are yet to be defined. Clinical applications of cell-based drugs are hampered all over the world because of incomplete understanding of molecular mechanisms requiring the application of mechanistic approaches to solving the mystery. Current work has given us the idea that Nanos2 enhances the cellular pluripotency characteristics while down-regulating the innate immunity genes, simultaneously.
Materials and Methods: The immunomodulatory behavior of cells was studied against cells carrying the ectopic expression of Nanos2 in comparison with Stella and Oct4 individually and simultaneously using SON vector (Stella, Nanos2 and Oct4).
Results: It was observed that overexpression of Nanos2 leads to down-regulation of Interferon-Stimulated Genes (ISGs)-mRNAs such as Ifitm1, lsg15, Oas2, and Oas12. Nanos2 overexpressing MEF cells have shown restrictive inflammatory effects when cells were treated with inflammatory stimuli such as LPS and Poly (I:C).
Conclusion: From our recent findings in line with many others, it can be concluded that Nanos2 acts as a coin with two sides, regulating pluripotency and immunity together which enhances resistance against inflammatory stimuli. Nanos2 could be a potential candidate as a molecular drug for management of inflammation and immunomodulation but it requires a comprehensive comparative expression analysis of innate immunity genes in vitro and in vivo.


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