The SMAC mimetic AT-101 exhibits anti-tumor and anti-metastasis activity in lung adenocarcinoma cells by the IAPs/ caspase-dependent apoptosis and p65-NFƙB cross-talk

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

2 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

3 Department of Biochemistry, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

4 Faculty of Medicine, Ala-Too International University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

5 Centre for Promotion of Medical Research, Ala-Too International University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

6 Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

7 Central Research Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia


Objective(s): The Inhibitors of Apoptosis (IAPs) regulate initiator and effector phases of caspase mediated apoptosis. This study evaluates the effects of SMAC mimetic AT-101 in regulation of IAPs/caspases/NFƙB-p65 in an adenocarcinoma cell line.
Materials and Methods: MTT assay was performed in the NCI-H522 cell line. Flow cytometry was used for detecting cell cycle, apoptosis, and NFƙB-p65 regulation.  Effects of AT-101 on IAPs and caspases were determined by quantitative real time-PCR and western blotting. AutoDock-VINA was used for computational analysis.    
Results: AT-101 reduced the cell proliferation of NCI-H522 with a GI50 value of 7 μM. The compound arrested adenocarcinoma cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and increased early and late phase apoptosis while decreasing tumor-cell trans-migration. AT-101 treatment to NCI H522 at a concentration of 0.35 μM decreased XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2 mRNA levels to 4.39±0.66, 1.93±0.26, and 2.20±0.24 folds, respectively. Increased dose of AT-101 at 0.7 μM concentration further decreased XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2 mRNA levels to 2.44±0.67, 1.46±0.93, and 0.97±0.10 folds, respectively.  Similar effects of a dose-dependent decrease in the protein expressions of XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2 were observed with AT-101 treatments, while a dose-responsive increase in the mRNA and protein expression levels of caspase 6 and caspase 7 was observed in the NCI-H522 cell line. The compound exhibited binding affinity (-6.1 kcal/mol) and inhibited NFƙB-p65 in these cells.
Conclusion: AT-101 had anti-tumor efficacy against lung adenocarcinoma cells which could be mediated through IAPs/caspase-dependent apoptosis and NFƙB-p65 cross talk. Results from this study suggests a signal cross talk between IAPs and NFkB and open new channels for further investigations in therapeutic intervention against lung cancer management.


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