Corilagin potential in inhibiting oxidative and inflammatory stress in LPS-induced murine macrophage cell lines (RAW 264.7)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Medicine, Maranatha Christian University, Jl. Surya Sumantri No. 65, Bandung 40164, West Java, Indonesia

2 Biomolecular and Biomedical Research Center, Aretha Medika Utama, Jl Babakan Jeruk II No. 9, Bandung 40163, West Java, Indonesia

3 Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16426, West Java, Indonesia 2 Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas


Objective(s): Inflammation is thought to be the common pathophysiological basis for several disorders. Corilagin is one of the major active compounds which showed broad-spectrum biological and therapeutic activities, such as antitumor, hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of corilagin in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells.
Materials and Methods: Anti-oxidant activities were examined by free radical scavenging of H2O2, NO, and *OH. The safe concentrations of corilagin on RAW264.7 were determined by MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium] assay on RAW264.7 cell lines. The inflammation cells model was induced with LPS. The anti-inflammatory activities measured IL-6, TNF-α, NO, IL-1β, PGE-2, iNOS, and COX-2 levels using ELISA assay.
Results: The results showed that corilagin had a significant inhibition activity dose-dependently in scavenging activities toward H2O2, *OH, and NO with IC50 values 76.85 µg/ml, 26.68 µg/ml, and 66.64 µg/ml, respectively. The anti-inflammatory activity of corilagin also showed a significant decrease toward IL-6, TNF-α, NO, IL-1β, PGE-2, iNOS, and COX-2 levels at the highest concentration (75 µM) compared with others concentration (50 and 25 µM) with the highest inhibition activities being 48.09%, 42.37%, 65.69%, 26.47%, 46.88%, 56.22%, 59.99%, respectively (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Corilagin has potential as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cell lines by its ability to scavenge free radical NO, *OH, and H2O2 and also suppress the production of proinflammatory mediators including COX-2, IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cell lines.


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