Cross talk of vasopressin conditioned cell therapy in ischemic heart disease: Role of oxidative stress markers

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3 Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Department of Physiology, Lorestan University of Medical Science, Khorramabad, Iran

4 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Rahimi Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

5 Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

10.22038/ijbms.2022.62540.13837

Abstract

Objective(s): Background: Impaired coronary blood flow causes cardiac ischemia. Cellular therapy is a new approach to the treatment of myocardial ischemia. This study aimed to investigate the effect of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) conditioned with vasopressin on oxidative stress, perivascular collagen, and angiogenesis caused by myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. 
Materials and Methods: We divided 40 male albino Wistar rats into 4 groups; Control group; No intervention; in experimental groups, after it generated induced MI on models, it divided into three groups: Vehicle group (150 μl of cell-free culture medium received); ASC-MI group (6× 106 AD-MSC received) and AVP-ASC-MI group (received 6 × 106 AD-MSC conditioned with 10 nM vasopressin). Then, histologic parameters and anti-oxidant enzymes were evaluated 7 days post-MI cell injection. 
Results: Arterial muscle diameter improved and collagen deposition around the coronary arteries decreased in cell-received groups compared with the vehicle group. Malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), (GSH) Glutathione, and Total Anti-oxidant Capacity (TAC) parameters were not significantly different between the cells received groups compared with the vehicle group. But the Catalase (CAT) parameter in the ASC-MI group had a significant increase from the control group. 
Conclusion: We prepared direct evidence that intramyocardial injection of AD-MSCs reveals the positive cardiac remodeling post-MI in rats, and these useful effects can be more enhanced by administrating injection of conditioned ADSCs with vasopressin.

Keywords


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