Comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of the expression, prognostic value, and immune infiltration of chromobox family members in cervical cancer

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Gynaecology, SSL Central Hospital of Dongguan, Dongguan Third People’s Hospital, Affiliated Dongguan Shilong People’s Hospital of Southern Medical University, Dongguan, Guangdong, China

2 Department of Gynaecology, Shixing Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Shaoguan, Guangdong, China


Objective(s): Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most prevalent type of cancer in women worldwide and it is considered the leading cause of tumor-related death and malignancy. As part of complexes involved in epigenetic control, the proteins of the chromobox (CBX) family have been found to have a role in the growth of malignancies by preventing differentiation and increasing proliferation. Here, by a thorough investigation, we investigated the expression, prognostic significance, and immune infiltration of CBX in patients with CC. 
Materials and Methods: Differential expression, clinicopathological parameters, immune cell infiltration, enrichment analysis, genetic alteration, and prognostic value of CBXs in patients with CC were examined using TIMER, Metascape, STRING, GeneMANIA, cBioPortal, UALCAN, The Human Protein Atlas, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), and Oncomine. 
Results: In CC tissues, CBX 2/3/4/5 and CBX 8 expression levels were considerably higher, whereas CBX 6/7 expression levels were lower. In CC, the CBX 5/6/8 promoters have elevated levels of methylation. The expression of CBX 2/6/8 and the pathological stage were connected. A 37% mutation rate of the differentially expressed CBX genes was observed. Also, there was a strong correlation of the CBXs expression with immune cell infiltration, such as T CD4+ cells, macrophages, neutrophils, B cells, T CD8+ cells, and dendritic cells. 
Conclusion: The investigation discovered that members of the CBXs family may be therapeutic targets for CC patients and may play significant roles in the development of CC tumors.


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