5-HT3 antagonist, tropisetron, ameliorates age-related renal injury induced by D-galactose in male mice: Up-regulation of sirtuin 1

Document Type : Original Article


1 Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Hemoglobinopathy Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Ramsar Campus, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Ramsar, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

4 Environmental Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

5 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

6 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran


Objective(s): The kidney ages faster than other organs due to changes in energy metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress. This study looked into the anti-aging effect of tropisetron. 
Materials and Methods: D-galactose was administrated subcutaneously in a mouse model for eight weeks in order to induce renal aging.  Three separate intraperitoneal doses of tropisetron (1, 3, and 5 mg/kg body weight) were given at the same time. We assessed markers of mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Via Real-Time PCR, the expressions of genes linked to aging (SIRT1) and apoptosis (Bax and Bcl-2) were ascertained. In addition, an assessment of histopathological changes, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine concentrations was done. 
Results: In kidney tissue, tropisetron reduces mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, which are caused by D-galactose-induced overproduction of inflammatory mediators. Additionally, tropisetron demonstrated antiapoptotic activity in renal tissue and augmented the decrease in SIRT1 gene expression associated with D-galactose administration. Besides, tropisetron significantly improved the histological alterations in the renal tissues of aged mice and effectively decreased the elevated levels of creatinine and also blood urea nitrogen. 
Conclusion: The results provided additional insight into the effect of tropisetron on renal aging and the underlying mechanisms, particularly through its ability to modulate SIRT1 signaling.


Main Subjects

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