miR-26b enhances radiosensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by targeting EphA2

Document Type : Retraction


Department of Oncology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, NO.138, Tong Zi Po Road, Yue Lu District, Chang Sha, Hunan Province, China 410013


Objective(s): Although low-dose radiotherapy (RT) that involves low collateral damage is more suitable for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than traditional high-dose RT, but to achieve satisfactory therapeutic effect with low-dose RT, it is necessary to sensitize HCC cells to irradiation. This study was aimed to determine whether radiosensitivity of HCC cells can be enhanced using miR-26b by targeting erythropoietin producing human hepatocelluar A2 (EphA2).
Materials and Methods: The levels of miR-26b and EphA2 expression in multiple HCC cell lines were assessed by qPCR and western blotting, respectively, and compared with those in a hepatic cell line. HCC 97H cells were transfected with miR-26b mimics, EphA2-ShRNA or EphA2 over-expression vector before exposure to low-dose irradiation.
Results:Different degrees of miR-26b down-regulation and EphA2 up-regulation were observed in all HCC cell lines, among which the HCC 97H cell line expressed the lowest level of miR-26b and highest level of EphA2. EphA2 was verified as the target of miR-26b by dual luciferase reporter assay. HCC 97H cells transfected with miR-26b mimics or EphA2-ShRNA reduced the expression of EphA2 protein, with significantly lower cell proliferation rate and cell invasion ability and higher apoptosis rate in response to low-dose irradiation than those in the non-transfected cells. These results were reversed after EphA2 was overexpressed by transfection with the EphA2 overexpression vector. Co-transfection with miR-26b mimics and EphA2 overexpression vector barely altered EphA2 expression level and cell response to low-dose irradiation.
Conclusion: These data suggest that miR-26b enhances radiosensitivity of HCC 97H cells by targeting EphA2 protein.


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