Mesenchymal stem cells versus their conditioned medium in the treatment of ischemia/reperfusion injury: Evaluation of efficacy and hepatic specific gene expression in mice

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Burn and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

10.22038/ijbms.2022.62642.13860

Abstract

Objective(s): The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of MSCs on hepatic I/R injury are still poorly described, especially the changes in hepatocyte gene expression. In this study, the effect of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) and their conditioned medium on hepatocyte gene expression resulted by I/R shock were investigated.
Materials and Methods: Liver ischemia models were induced by clamping in experimental groups. Experimental groups received MSCs or conditioned medium treatments and the control group received Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM). During 1, 24 hr, and 1 week after treatment, the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzymes and tissue catalase activity (CAT) were measured. Gene expression of a number of hepatocyte-specific genes (Alb, Afp, and Ck8) and Icam-1 which is upregulated under inflammatory conditions were also evaluated in 5, 24 hr, and 1-week intervals after I/R insult.
Results: In this study, liver enzymes showed a much more shift in the control group than treated groups and it was more noticeable 5 hr post-treatment. Moreover, gene expression pattern of the control group underwent changes after I/R injury. However, treated groups gene expression analysis met a steady trend after I/R insult.
Conclusion: Our finding shows that stem cell treatment has better curative effects than conditioned medium. BMSCs, AMSCs or BMSC and AMSC-derived bioactive molecules injection have potential to be considered as a therapeutic approach for treating acute liver injury.

Keywords


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