1. Ding Y, Dou J, Teng Z, Yu J, Wang T, Lu N, et al. Antiviral activity of baicalin against influenza A (H1N1/H3N2) virus in cell culture and in mice and its inhibition of neuraminidase. Arch Virol 2014; 159: 3269-3278.
2. Kshatriya R, Khara N, Ganjiwale J, Lote S, Patel S, Paliwal R. Lessons learnt from the Indian H1N1 (swine flu) epidemic: Predictors of outcome based on epidemiological and clinical profile. J Family Med Primary Care 2018; 7: 1506-1509.
3. Boltz DA, Aldridge JR, Webster RG, Govorkova EA. Drugs in development for influenza. Drugs 2010; 70: 1349-1362.
4. Kim Y, Narayanan S, Chang KO. Inhibition of influenza virus replication by plant-derived isoquercetin. Antiviral Res 2010; 88: 227-235.
5. Mehrbod P, Hudy D, Shyntum D, Markowski J, Łos MJ, Ghavami S. Quercetin as a natural therapeutic candidate for the treatment of influenza virus. Biomol 2021; 11: 10-38.
6. Lee JY, Abundo MEC, Lee CW. Herbal medicines with antiviral activity against the influenza virus, a systematic review. Am J Chin Med 2018; 46: 1663-1700.
7. Lee NK, Lee JH, Lim SM, Lee K, Kim Y, Chang PS, et al. Antiviral activity of subcritical water extract of Brassica juncea against influenza virus A/H1N1 in nonfat milk. J Dairy Sci 2014; 97: 5383-5386.
8. Torabian G, Valtchev P, Adil Q, Dehghani F. Anti-influenza activity of elderberry (Sambucus nigra). J Funct Food 2019; 54: 353-560.
9. Akram M, Tahir IM, Shah SMA, Mahmood Z, Altaf A, Ahmad K, et al. Antiviral potential of medicinal plants against HIV, HSV, influenza, hepatitis, and coxsackievirus: A systematic review. Phytother Res 2018; 32: 811-822.
10. Ji S, Li R, Wang Q, Miao WJ, Li ZW, Si LL, et al. Anti-H1N1 virus, cytotoxic and Nrf2 activation activities of chemical constituents from Scutellaria baicalensis. J Ethnopharmacol 2015; 176: 475-484.
11. Shang X, He X, He X, Li M, Zhang R, Fan P, et al. The genus Scutellaria an ethnopharmacological and phytochemical review. J Ethnopharmacol 2010; 128: 279-313.
12. Pirali Hamedani M, Yousefi H, Tajabadi F, Tofighi Z, Hadjiakhoundi A, Goodarzi S. Chemical composition of the essential oils and aromatic waters of some native Scutellaria species from Iran. J Med Plant 2022; 21: 12-21.
13. Ghannadi A, Mehregan I. Essential oil of one of the Iranian skullcaps. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C 2003; 58: 316-318.
14. Cai YZ, Sun M, Xing J, Luo Q, Corke H. Structure–radical scavenging activity relationships of phenolic compounds from traditional Chinese medicinal plants. Life Sci 2006; 78: 2872-2888.
15. EghbaliFeriz S, Taleghani A, Tayarani-Najaran Z. Central nervous system diseases and Scutellaria: a review of current mechanism studies. Biomed Pharmacother 2018; 102: 185-195.
16.J ian X, Liu Y, Zhao Z, Zhao L, Wang D, Liu Q. The role of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of atherosclerosis through the regulation of macrophage activity. Biomed Pharmacother 2019; 118: 109375.
17. Shen J, Li P, Liu S, Liu Q, Li Y, Sun Y, et al. Traditional uses, ten-years research progress on phytochemistry and pharmacology, and clinical studies of the genus Scutellaria. J Ethnopharmacol 2021; 265: 113198.
18. Hertog MG, Feskens EJ, Kromhout D, Hollman P, Katan M. Dietary anti-oxidant flavonoids and risk of coronary heart disease: the Zutphen Elderly Study. Lancet 1993; 342: 1007-1011.
19. Zhang XL, Guo YS, Wang CH, Li GQ, Xu JJ, Chung HY, et al. Phenolic compounds from Origanum vulgare and their anti-oxidant and antiviral activities. Food Chem 2014; 152: 300-306.
20. Mazza G, Miniati E. Small fruits. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL; 1993. p. 85-129.
21. Tapas AR, Sakarkar D, Kakde R. Flavonoids as nutraceuticals: a review. Trop J Pharm Res 2008; 7: 1089-1099.
22. Yassa N, Beni HR, Hadjiakhoondi A. Free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation activity of the Shahani black grape. Pak J Biol Sci 2008; 11: 2513-2516.
23. Sulaiman C, Balachandran I. Total phenolics and total flavonoids in selected Indian medicinal plants. Indian J Pharm Sci 2012; 74: 258-260.
24. Faisst S. Propagation of viruses Animal. Encyclopedia of Virology 1999: 1408-1413.
25. Mehrbod P, Abdalla MA, Njoya EM, Ahmed AS, Fotouhi F, Farahmand B, et al. South African medicinal plant extracts active against influenza A virus. BMC Complementary Altern Med. 2018; 18: 1-10.
26. Chattopadhyay D, Chawla-Sarkar M, Chatterjee T, Dey RS, Bag P, Chakraborti S, et al. Recent advancements for the evaluation of antiviral activities of natural products. New Biotechnol 2009; 25: 347-368.
27. Shigeta S, Mori S, Watanabe J, Soeda S, Takahashi K, Yamase T. Synergistic anti-influenza virus A (H1N1) activities of PM-523 (polyoxometalate) and ribavirin in vitro and in vivo. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1997; 41: 1423-1427.
28. Hirst GK. The quantitative determination of influenza virus and antibodies by means of red cell agglutination. J Exp Med 1942; 75: 49-64.
29. Organization WH. Index of Pharmacopoeias. World Health Organization, 2002.
30. Falcone Ferreyra ML, Rius S, Casati P. Flavonoids: biosynthesis, biological functions, and biotechnological applications. Front Plant Sci 2012; 3: 222-236.
31. Faggio C, Sureda A, Morabito S, Sanches-Silva A, Mocan A, Nabavi SF, et al. Flavonoids and platelet aggregation: A brief review. Euro J Pharmacol. 2017; 807: 91-101.
32. Romagnolo DF, Selmin OI. Flavonoids and cancer prevention: a review of the evidence. J Nut Gerontol Geriatrics. 2012; 31: 206-238.
33. Croft KD. The chemistry and biological effects of flavonoids and phenolic acids a. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998; 854: 435-442.
34. Harborne JB, Grayer RJ. The anthocyanins. The flavonoids: Springer; 1988. p. 1-20.
35. Gao Z, Huang K, Yang X, Xu H. Free radical scavenging and anti-oxidant activities of flavonoids extracted from the radix of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Biochim Biophys Acta (BBA)-General Subjects 1999; 1472: 643-650.
36.Nabavi SF, Braidy N, Gortzi O, Sobarzo-Sanchez E, Daglia M, Skalicka-Woźniak K, et al. Luteolin as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agent: A brief review. Brain Res Bull 2015; 119: 1-11.
37.Grignon-Dubois M, Rezzonico B. First phytochemical evidence of chemotypes for the seagrass Zostera noltii. Plant 2012; 1: 27-38.
38.Boersma MG, Van der Woude H, Bogaards J, Boeren S, Vervoort J, Cnubben NH, van Iersel ML, van Bladeren PJ, Rietjens IM. Regioselectivity of phase II metabolism of luteolin and quercetin by UDP-glucuronosyl transferases. Chem Res Toxicol 2002; 15: 662-670.
39.Sarawek S, Derendorf H, Butterweck V. Pharmacokinetics of luteolin and metabolites in rats. Nat Prod Commun 2008; 3: 1934578X0800301218.
40.Yi L, Li Z, Yuan K, Qu X, Chen J, Wang G, et al. Small molecules blocking the entry of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus into host cells. J Virol 2004; 78: 11334-11339.
41. Rauf A, Imran M, Khan IA, ur‐Rehman M, Gilani SA, Mehmood Z, et al. Anticancer potential of quercetin: A comprehensive review. Phytother Res 2018; 32: 2109-2130.
42. Wang W, Sun C, Mao L, Ma P, Liu F, Yang J, et al. The biological activities, chemical stability, metabolism and delivery systems of quercetin: A review. Trends Food Sci Technol 2016; 56: 21-38.
43. Derosa G, Maffioli P, D’Angelo A, Di Pierro F. A role for quercetin in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19). Phytother Res 2021; 35: 1230-1236.
44. Gupta A, Birhman K, Raheja I, Sharma SK, Kar HK. Quercetin: A wonder bioflavonoid with therapeutic potential in disease management. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2016; 6: 248-252.
45. Castro JC, Maddox JD, Cobos M, Paredes JD, Fasabi AJ, Vargas-Arana G, et al. Medicinal Plants of the Peruvian Amazon: Bioactive Phytochemicals, Mechanisms of Action, and Biosynthetic Pathways. Pharmacogn Med Plant 2018; 27-48
46. Brown J. A review of the genetic effects of naturally occurring flavonoids, anthraquinones and related compounds. Mut Res Rev Genet Toxicol 1980; 75: 243-277.
47. Choi JG, Lee H, Kim YS, Hwang YH, Oh YC, Lee B, et al. Aloe vera and its components inhibit influenza A virus-induced autophagy and replication. Am J Chin Med. 2019; 47: 1307-1324.
48. Devi KP, Malar DS, Nabavi SF, Sureda A, Xiao J, Nabavi SM, et al. Kaempferol and inflammation: From chemistry to medicine. Pharmacol Res 2015; 99: 1-10.
49. Chen AY, Chen YC. A review of the dietary flavonoid, kaempferol on human health and cancer chemoprevention. Food Chem 2013; 138: 2099-2107.
50. Khazdair MR, Anaeigoudari A, Agbor GA. Antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects of kaempferol and quercetin and COVID-2019: A scoping review. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2021; 11: 327-334.
51. M Calderon-Montano J, Burgos-Morón E, Pérez-Guerrero C, López-Lázaro M. A review on the dietary flavonoid kaempferol. Mini Rev Med Chem 2011; 11: 298-344.
52. Wang L, Tu YC, Lian TW, Hung JT, Yen JH, Wu MJ. Distinctive anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of flavonols. J Agric Food Chem 2006; 54: 9798-9804.
53. Mira L, Tereza Fernandez M, Santos M, Rocha R, Helena Florêncio M, Jennings KR. Interactions of flavonoids with iron and copper ions: a mechanism for their anti-oxidant activity. Free Radical Res 2002; 36: 1199-1208.
54. Crespy V, Morand C, Besson C, Cotelle N, Vézin H, Demigné C, et al. The splanchnic metabolism of flavonoids highly differed according to the nature of the compound. Am J Physiol Gastrointestinal Liver Physiol 2003; 284: G980-G988.
55. Patel D, Shukla S, Gupta S. Apigenin and cancer chemoprevention: progress, potential and promise. Int J Oncol 2007; 30: 233-245.
56. Wang M, Firrman J, Liu L, Yam K. A review on flavonoid apigenin: Dietary intake, ADME, antimicrobial effects, and interactions with human gut microbiota. Bio Med Res Int 2019; 2019: 1-18.
57. Hu CQ, Chen K, Shi Q, Kilkuskie RE, Cheng YC, Lee K-H. Anti-AIDS agents, 10. Acacetin-7-o-β-D-galactopyranoside, an anti-HIV principle from Chrysanthemum morifolium and a structure-activity correlation with some related flavonoids. J Nat Prod 1994; 57: 42-51.
58. Cai H, Boocock DJ, Steward WP, Gescher AJ. Tissue distribution in mice and metabolism in murine and human liver of apigenin and tricin, flavones with putative cancer chemopreventive properties. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2007; 60: 257-266.
59. Scalbert A, Williamson G. Dietary intake and bioavailability of polyphenols. J Nut 2000; 130: 2073S-2085S.
60. Xu X, Miao J, Shao Q, Gao Y, Hong L. Apigenin suppresses influenza A virus‐induced RIG‐I activation and viral replication. J Med Virol 2020; 92: 3057-3066.